December 10 – World Human Rights Day
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights was adopted by the UN General Assembly on 10 December 1948. Given that human rights are not defined by race, gender, class, sexuality, ability, religion, but by the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. man they are defined as universal. The Universal Declaration has been translated into at least 375 languages and dialects. Since 1950, this day has been celebrated as International Human Rights Day.
The Declaration is the first tool of the world organization in the field of human rights, but also the first settlement of rights at the global level. It consists of 30 members, which are further developed in subsequent international agreements, national constitutions and laws.
Why the Universal Declaration of Human Rights?
As early as World War II, the need for such a document became clear, and in his address to the state of the Union in 1941, US President Franklin Roosevelt called for the protection of the four, as he called them, “most important” human freedoms:
- of word and expression;
- of religion and faith;
- freedom from deprivation;
- freedom from fear;
This statement marks the beginning of a process that aims to incorporate the protection of human rights into the peace treaty with the losing countries. A strong motive for this is the crimes committed during the Second World War.
The United Nations Charter was signed in 1946, “reaffirming the belief in fundamental human rights, the dignity and worth of the human person” and obliging all member states to work for the common respect for and enjoyment of human rights and fundamental freedoms for all. regardless of race, sex, language or religion. ” The Charter of the United Nations regulates the issue of human rights in a very general way, which is why it is considered necessary to adopt a new document that will give effect to the provisions of the Charter, but also explicitly regulate all human rights. A Commission on Human Rights has been set up within the United Nations, the result of which is one of the most important international documents, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
What are some of the basic human rights?